A proposal for a National Innovation System supported by the Value Chain of the Cuban Biotechnological Industry




Palabras clave:

Biotechnology, Cuba, National Innovation System, Value Chain


A National Innovation System (NIS) supposes updated, continuous, and collaborative work between different agents, so the value chain approach fits perfectly with this NIS conception. The sector selected to illustrate our proposal is the biotechnological industry because of its structure in technology-based companies and its contributions to de Cuban GDP. This is the first research that works in a proposition of NIS for Cuba. The objective of this paper is to suggest a NIS for Cuba based on the value chain of its biotechnological industry. We follow a benchmarking methodology. First, we analyze nine international NIS experiences from developed and developing countries. Then, we highlight several items to be applied to the Cuban proposed NIS by analyzing five indicators: regulations, technology and innovation policies, financial systems, business activities, and research and education systems. The proposed NIS shows links between funding, production, service, and scientific sectors based on the biotechnological industry. It is considered beneficial for the three most important actors in a nation (companies, government, and society) because it allows a profitable and durable solution for economic and social troubles.


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Cómo citar

Oramas Santos, O., Canós-Darós, L., Babiloni, E., & Ortiz Torres, M. (2023). A proposal for a National Innovation System supported by the Value Chain of the Cuban Biotechnological Industry. GECONTEC: Revista Internacional De Gestión Del Conocimiento Y La Tecnología, 11(1), 69–78. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7927982